The manor house at Pavalds Gård is considered by many as one of Northern Gotland most impressive stone buildings, dated somewhere round the 1700 century. At this time Lime cartridges raised magnificent stone house such as this one. The manor house was built in several stages, the first part is probably a farmhouse in stone, which was later extended and broadened so that the former outer wall has become an inner wall. Around 1816 the second floor was added with reuse of the 1700s steep roof truss. In the yard four wings have been build, two from the 1800s with a very steep roof (miniature copies of the main building) and the other two build in the 1900s (ref. Byggningar u hausar 2004).


Pavalds Gård, this picture is probably taken around year 1900 since the Union Flag is visable.

The story of Pavalds Gård starts with the beach rider Johan Ahlbom, also titled 'Lime cartridge'. He was the owner among other things of Barläst lime mortar. You can still follow his trail between Pavalds Gård and Strandridaregården in Kyllej, because the road is partially preserved. There is a story that Johan Ahlbom passed the well 'Kun Kälde' (spelling is from the days when Gotland was Danish) where the horse had to drink water and then he went on the daily ride past the "old castle" and on to Hellvi. From 1797 Pavalds Gård was owned by Magnus Alexandersson who ran at least one lime kiln at Barlst. He was born in 1771 in Duvekulla farm in Mörlunda and apart from Pavalds Gård and Barläst he lso owned Valla in Rute and the house of Ahlbom (the so-called Strandridaregården) in Kyllej. Magnus Alexanders was married to the granddaughter of the legendary beach rider Johan Ahlbom. After Alexandersson's death Pavalds Gård and Barläst was inherited by Georg Peter Nyberg. He was born 1799 and died in 1891, 91 years old. In 1862 George Petter Nyberg passed on Pavalds Gård and Barläst to his son, the mill owner Frederick Alexander Nyberg born in 1838, who had received his agricultural education in Scotland. In Scotland he also met his future wife, Helen Jemima Cowan born in 1843 and they raised one daughter and one son. During this time Frederick Alexander Nyberg was a farmer at Pavalds Gård who also developed agriculture in an exemplary manner. Among other things he built a dairy at Pavalds Gård in 1892 and with the help of a dairymaid from Scotland, he made "Pavald's Cheese" which was widely known and exported to the mainland of Sweden.


One of the four wings.

There is actually a link between Gotland and Västerbotten cheese since the dairy consultant in Västerbotten County in the late 1800s was John Cowan Nyberg, son of Jemima and Frederick. He most likely had many interesting discussions about cheese with his parents. The knowledge of the gotlandic way of making cheese has perhaps been transferred to Västerbotten and vice versa?

Alexander Nyberg took care of his land and industries and was most likely one of Gotland's best farmers. Nevertheless, he died quite destitute in one of Gotland nursing home in April 1916. There are stories about his son, who's large gambling debts led the familly Nyberg into bankruptcy. Possibly there was also competition from the cement industry that led to this. This is where my family comes into the picture, when my great-grandfather, Oskar Pettersson and his wife Mary bought Pavalds in 1924. They had previously been servants on the farm but managed to by the farm. Their son John and his wife Elin finally left the farm for my parents, Ingvar and Gunnel.

More information about Pavalds Gård and Barläst can be found in the book "Från Gutabygd 2001", where Barbro Ahlqvist has done a nice and comprehensive coverage. We would also like to thank Erik Lindgren (descendant of the family Nyberg) for images and facts.


Smithy behind the house.